Tuesday, 20 June 2017

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Pushkar (Hindi: पुष्कर) is a city in the Ajmer district in the Indian state of Rajasthan. it's settled fourteen kilometer (8.7 mi) northwest of Ajmer at a mean elevation of 510 m (1,670 ft) and is one in every of the 5 sacred dhams (pilgrimage site) for devout Hindus. in keeping with Hindu theology, the lake at the Katas rule temple close to Choa Saidan sovereign in Chakwal District of Islamic Republic of Pakistan includes a system of rules association with Shiva; it had been fashioned by the tears of Lord Shiva that he's believed to own shed when the death of his mate, Sati. The story goes that once Sati died, Shiva cried such a lot and for therefore long, that his tears created 2 holy ponds – one at Pushkara in Ajmer in Republic of India and therefore the different at Ketaksha, which accurately means that descending eyes, in Sanskrit. it's from this name that the word Katas springs. it's usually referred to as "Tirth Raj" – the king of journey sites – and has in recent years become a well-liked destination for foreign tourists. Pushkar is one in every of the oldest existing cities of Republic of India.
It lies on the shore of Pushkar Lake. The date of its actual origin isn't known , but legend associates Brahma with its creation. Pushkar has many temples. Most of the temples are not very old because many temples were destroyed during Muslim conquests in the area. Subsequently, the destroyed temples were rebuilt. The most famous among all is the Brahma Temple built during the 14th century CE. Very few temples to Lord Brahma exist anywhere in the world. Other temples of Brahma include Bithoor in Uttar Pradesh, India; Khedbrahma in Gujarat, India; village Asotra near Balotra city of Barmer district in Rajasthan; Uttamar Kovil (one of the Divya Desams) near Srirangam, Tamil Nadu; Carambolim near Valpoi in Goa, Mother Temple of Besakih in Bali, Indonesia; and Prambanan in Yogyakarta, Indonesia. The Pushkar lake has 52 ghats where pilgrims descend to the lake to bathe in the sacred waters.Pushkar is also famous for its annual fair (Pushkar Camel Fair) held in October to November for a period of seven days .
Pushkar in Sanskrit means blue lotus flower. Hindus believe that the gods released a swan with a lotus in its beak and let it fall on earth where Brahma would perform a grand yagna. The place wherever the lotus fell was referred to as Pushkar. Pushkar word is also derived from word 'Pushkarni'means- lake. it should be derived from word Pushpa means that flower and Kar means that hand. in keeping with legend, Brahma was in search of an area for Mahayagna and he found this place appropriate. when an extended time, Brahma came to known  that a demon, Vajranash, was killing individuals here that the Lord rhythmical  a mantra on a lotus flower and killed the demon. throughout this method the components of flower fell on 3 places that were later referred to as Jyaistha, Madhya and Kanistha Pushkar. when this Brahma performed a yagna to guard this place from demons.
The consort of Brahma, Savitri, were required to supply Ahuti for the yagna however she wasn't there that point thus Gayatri, a Gurjar lady, was married to brahma and performned yagna. This act created initial mate of Brahma, Savitri, angry and he or she cursed Brahma speech that he would be worshiped in Pushkar solely. There ar still monks from the Gurjar community in Pushkar temple, referred to as Bhopas. it's additionally the venue of the annual Pushkar even-toed ungulate truthful. In 1901, the city was a part of the Rajputana Agency had a population of three,831.

Thursday, 15 June 2017

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The Ajmer Jainist temple, conjointly called Soniji Ki Nasiyan, is AN architecturally wealthy Jainist temple. it absolutely was inbuilt the late nineteenth century. the most chamber, called the Swarna script "City of Gold", has many gold-plated wood figures, portraying many figures within the Jainist faith. Kurt Titze, in his book, "Jainism: A Pictorial Guide to the faith of Non-Violence" (1998, p. 143), writes on Soniji Ki Nasiyan: "Ajmer's main attraction is - for the Jainas - the conspicuously set Nasiayan Digambara Temple, or rather the two-storied Svarana Nagara Hall behind the temple, higher called the deposit. each the temple and also the deposit were engineered and square measure still in hand by the Sony family of Ajmer. The temple, dedicated to Rishabha or Adinatha in 1865, was made of red arenaceous rock in an exceedingly matter of some years, however it took twenty-five years, from 1870 to 1895, to fashion - by artisans at Jaipur - the thousands of individual components needed to assemble a three-dimensional reproduction of the story of Rishabha in accordance with AN recent manuscript by Acharya Jinasena.
The thought to own such a three-dimensional model for instructional functions occurred to Seth Moolchand Soni, United Nations agency was born in 1830, solely when the completion of the temple. His death in 1891 prevented him from seeing his bold add its finished state. In several Jaina temples one sees painted or figurative representations of the 'five auspicious events' (pancha-kalyanak) within the lifetime of each Tirthankara: conception, birth, renunciation, enlightenment, and salvation (moksha or nirvana). The one at Ajmer, currently over 100 years recent, is out and away the biggest and most inventive plastic illustration of that much-loved mythological narrative. A specially designed hall of twenty four.3 m by 12.2 m had to be engineered to show it effectively. it's receptive guests of all religions a day all the year spherical for a awfully tiny entry fee."
Greatly revered by the Digambar sect of the Jains, the Nasiyan temple is devoted to Lord Rishabhdev, 1st of the twenty four Tirthankars [religious path manufacturers of the Jains] by Rai Bahadur Seth Moolchand and Nemichand Soni. it's set on Prithvi rule Marg in Ajmer, the center of Rajasthan state in Asian nation. the muse of this brilliant Jainist temple was ordered on ten October 1864 and also the image of the primary Tirthankar Lord Rishabhdev (Adinath), was put in within the Sanctum Sanctorum on twenty six might 1865. This work was administrated below the ready steering of the good scholar Pandit Sadasukhdasji of Jaipur.The name of the temple is Siddhkoot Chaityalaya. it's conjointly called 'Red Temple' because it is made of red sand stone or 'Nasiyan of Seth Moolchand Soni' signifying the founder’s name. when the Svarna Nagri was more to the temple in 1895 A.D.
 It popularly began to be known as as 'Sone Ka Mandir' or 'Soni Mandir' accenting the golden structure similarly because the surname. The halls of this temple square measure adorned with fascinating series of enormous, gilt wood figures and delicate paintings that show scenes from Jainist scriptures. the doorway gate of the temple is created of red sand stone brought from Karauli. ahead of the entrance is that the marble way, resulting in the most temple, that is embellished with the photographs of the Tirthankars.The central image is of Lord Rishabhdev seated  within the "Samavasharana" - during which He imparts true information to the suffering humanity, in order that they get liberated from the entanglements of life and death. within the year 2005, the three Vedi's were restored and every one the idols of Tirthankaras were re-installed amidst non secular rituals and ceremonies. during this portion solely Jains square measure allowed to perform their non secular rituals.

Thursday, 8 June 2017

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The dargah of Moinuddin Chishti ( Gharib Nawaz -Benefactor of the Poor), called Ajmer Sharif Dargah or Ajmer Sharif, is a global waqf, associate degree Muslim mortmain managed by the Dargah Khwaja Saheb Act, 1955 of the govt of Bharat.  Ajmer Sharif Dargah is a pair of kilometres (1.2 mi) faraway from the most central Ajmer train station and located at the foot of the Taragarh hill, and consists of many white marble buildings organized around 2 courtyards, together with a colossal gate given by the Nizam of Hyderabad and also the Akbari place of worship, engineered by the Mughal emperor Emperor. It contains the rounded topographic point of the saint. Akbar and his queen accustomed come back here by foot on journeying from metropolis once a year in observance of a vow once he prayed for a son. the massive pillars referred to as "Kose ('Mile') Minar", erected at intervals of 2 miles (3 km) on the complete means between metropolis and Ajmer mark the places wherever the royal pilgrims halted each day. it's been calculable that around one hundred fifty,000 pilgrims visit the location each day. the most gate to the shrine is that the Nizam Gate, followed by the Shahjahani Gate, erected by the Mughal emperor Emperor.
Successively it's followed by the Buland Darwaza, engineered by swayer Mahmood Khilji, upon that is hoisted the urs flag, marking the start of the death day rituals. The urs for Moinuddin Chishti is widely known once a year on the sixth and seventh of Rajab. The dargah (shrine) of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti is a global wakf (endowment), managed beneath The Dargah Khwaja Saheb Act, 1955 of presidency of Bharat. The Dargah Committee, appointed by the govt, takes care of the upkeep of the shrine, and runs charitable establishments like dispensaries, and guest homes for the devotees however don't care take the rituals of the most shrine (Mazar sharif/Astana e Alia) that is beneath the custody of hereditary clergymen called Khadims. Dewan Syed Zainul Abedin is that the direct descendant within the twenty second generation of Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti. Meanwhile, per the Supreme Court of Bharat he's the Hereditary Sajjadanashin non secular Head of the shrine of Ajmer Dargah. On the opposite hand, within the side of clan lineage (family tree); presently he's the foremost direct descendant of Khawaja Moinuddin Chishti. he's the successor of Khwaja Gareeb Nawaz.
On eleven Oct 2007, associate degree explosion occurred in Dargah Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti’s curtilage in Ajmer in Rajasthan. it had been the holy fast amount of Ramazan and evening prayers had simply complete. A crowd had gathered at the curtilage to interrupt their quick. A bomb was placed within a meal carrier went off. Reports aforementioned the blast claimed 3 lives and cut seventeen. Special choose Dinesh Gupta’s nearly 500-page judgment was supported testimonies of 149 witnesses and 451 document submitted to his court.On twenty two March 2017, The National Investigation Agency (NIA) Special Court, awarded incarceration to 2 persons condemned for the 2007 Ajmer dargah blasts, within which 3 persons were killed. The convicts, Bhavesh Patel and Devendra Gupta owed allegiance to Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh within the past. each the convicts were command guilty beneath the Unlawful Activities hindrance Act, Explosives Act and numerous sections of Indian legal code.

Monday, 29 May 2017

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Jagatpita Brahma Mandir (Hindi: जगत्-पिता ब्रह्मा मंदिर) could be a Hindu temple located at Pushkar within the Indian state of Rajasthan, near the sacred Pushkar Lake to that its legend has AN unerasable link. The temple is one in all only a few existing temples dedicated to the Hindu creator-god Brahma in Republic of India and remains the foremost distinguished among them. though this temple structure dates to the fourteenth century, the temple is believed to be 2000 years recent. The temple is especially designed of marble and stone stabs. it's a definite red pinnacle (shikhara) and a hamsa bird motif. The temple sanctum sanctorum holds the central pictures of Brahma and his second consort Gayatri. The temple is ruled by the Hindu (ascetic) sect community. On Hindu calendar month Poornima, a pageant dedicated to Brahma is command once sizable amount of pilgrims visit the temple, when bathing within the sacred lake. in line with the Hindu scripture Padma Sanskrit literature, Brahma saw the demon Vajranabha (Vajranash in another version) attempting to kill his youngsters and harassing folks.
He immediately slew the demon along with his weapon, the lotus-flower. In this process, the lotus petals fell on the ground at three places, creating three lakes: the Pushkar Lake or Jyeshta Pushkar (greatest or first Pushkar), the Madya Pushkar (middle Pushkar) Lake, and Kanishta Pushkar (lowest or youngest Pushkar) lake.When Brahma came down to the earth, he named the place where the flower ("pushpa") fell from Brahma's hand ("kar") as "Pushkar".Brahma then decided to perform a yajna (fire-sacrifice) at the main Pushkar Lake. To perform his yajna peacefully without being attacked by the demons, he created the hills around the Pushkar — Ratnagiri in the south, Nilgiri in the north, Sanchoora in the west and Suryagiri in the east — and positioned gods there to protect the yajna performance. However, while performing the yajna, his wife Savitri (or Sarasvati in some versions) could not be present at the designated time to perform the essential part of the yajna as she was waiting for her companion goddesses Lakshmi, Parvati and Indrani.
So Brahma married Gurjar girl, Gayatri and completed the yajna with his new consort sitting beside him, holding the pot of amrita (elixir of life) on her head and giving ahuti (offering to the sacrificial fire). When Savitri finally arrived at the venue she found Gayatri sitting next to Brahma which was her rightful place. Agitated, she cursed Brahma that he would be never worshipped, but then reduced the curse permitting his worship in Pushkar. Savitri also cursed Indra to be easily defeated in battles, Vishnu to suffer the separation from his wife as a human, the fire-god Agni who was offered the yajna to be all-devouring and the priests officiating the yajna to be poor. Endowed by the powers of yajna, Gayatri diluted Savitri's curse, blessing Pushkar to be the king of pilgrimages, Indra would always retain his heaven, Vishnu would be born as the human Rama and finally unite with his consort and the priests would become scholars and be venerated.
Thus, the Pushkar temple is regarded the only temple dedicated to Brahma. Savitri, thereafter, moved into the Ratnagiri hill and became a part of it by emerging as a spring known as the Savitri Jharna (stream); a temple in her honour exists here. Pushkar is said to have over 500 temples (80 are large and the rest are small); of these many are old that were destroyed or desecrated by Muslim depredations during Mughal emperor Aurangzeb's rule (1658–1707) but were re-built subsequently; of these the most important is the Brahma temple.
Though the current structure dates to the 14th century, the original temple is believed to be 2000 years old. The temple is described to have been built by sage Vishwamitra after Brahma's yagna. It is also believed that Brahma himself chose the location for his temple. The 8th century Hindu philosopher Adi Shankara renovated this temple, while the current medieval structure dates to Maharaja Jawat Raj of Ratlam, who made additions and repairs, though the original temple design is retained. Pushkar is often described in the scriptures as the only Brahma temple in the world, owing to the curse of Savitri, and as the "King of the sacred places of the Hindus". Although now the Pushkar temple does not remain the only Brahma temple, it is still one of very few existing temples dedicated to Brahma in India and the most prominent one dedicated to Brahma. International Business Times has known Pushkar Lake and the Brahma temple as one of the 10 most non secular places in the world and one of the 5 sacred journey places for the Hindus, in India.

Tuesday, 23 May 2017

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Ana Sagar Lake is a man-made lake set within the town of Ajmer in Rajasthan state in Republic of India. it had been designed by Arnoraja (alias Ana), the granddaddy of Prithviraj Chauhan, in 1135 -1150 AD and is known as when him. The catchments were designed with the assistance of native public. The lake is touch thirteen Kilometers. The Baradari or pavilions were designed by Shahjahan in 1637 and Daulat Bagh Gardens by Jehangir. there's a Circuit house on a hill close to the lake that accustomed be British Residency.
there's Associate in Nursing island within the center of the lake that is accessible by boat. Boats might be employed from the side of the Dault Bagh. There square measure Chowaptty and bulwark paseo next to every alternative and Baradari to capture the scenic of the lake. The lake is that the biggest one in Ajmer, with the utmost catchments space (5 sq. kilometre designed up area). the utmost depth of lake is four.4 m with storage capability of four.75 million metric capacity unit. The Rajasthan state supreme court has prohibited construction within the construction areas of the lake basins.
Legend of Auliya Moinuddin Chishti once the Muslim saint Moinuddin Chishti arrived in Ajmer, he and his followers were prohibited from victimization water from Ana Sagar.He requested to urge a cup of water that was granted. once the cup was stuffed the water of the lake got dried up miraculously. folks requested to come the water, the saint graciously did therefore. Since then Moinuddin Chishti got multitude of followers.

Monday, 15 May 2017

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Ajmer (pronounced [ədʒmeːr] ( listen)) is one in all the foremost cities within the Indian state of Rajasthan and is that the centre of the name Ajmer District. in keeping with the 2011 census, Ajmer incorporates a population of around 551,360 in its urban agglomeration and 542,580 within the town. the town is found at a distance of one hundred thirty five kilometre from the metropolis Jaipur and 391 kilometre from the urban center national capital. the town was established by a Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) ruler, either Ajayaraja I or Ajayaraja II, and served because the Chahamana capital till the twelfth century atomic number 58. once the defeat of Prithviraja lll in 1192 atomic number 58, the town came beneath Muslim rule. Ajmer is enclosed by the Aravalli Mountains. it's a pilgrimage centre for the shrine of the Sufi Saint Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti and is additionally the bottom for visiting Pushkar (11 km), an ancient Hindu pilgrimage city, famous for the temple of Brahma. Ajmer has been selected as one of the heritage cities for the HRIDAY - Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana scheme of Government of India. Ajmer was originally known as Ajayameru. The 12th century text Prithviraja Vijaya states that the Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) king Ajayaraja II (ruled c. 1110 – 1135 CE) established the city of Ajayameru.
Historian Dasharatha Sharma notes that the earliest mention of the city's name occurs in Palha's Pattavali, which was copied in 1113 CE (1170 VS) at Dhara. This suggests that Ajmer was founded sometime before 1113 CE. A prashasti (eulogistic inscription), issued by Vigraharaja IV and found at Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra, states Ajayadeva (that is, Ajayaraja II) moved his residence to Ajmer. The later text Prabandha-Kosha states that it was the 8th century king Ajayaraja I who commissioned the Ajayameru fort, which later came to be known as the Taragarh fort of Ajmer. According to historian R. B. Singh, this claim appears to be true, as inscriptions dated to the 8th century CE have been found at Ajmer. Singh theorizes that Ajayaraja II later enlarged the town, constructed palaces, and moved the Chahamana capital from Shakambhari to Ajmer. Ajmer has a hot, semi-arid climate with over 55 centimetres (25.4 in) of rain every year, but most of the rain occurs in the monsoon months, between June and September.
Temperatures remain relatively high throughout the year, with the summer months of April to early July having an average daily temperature of about 30 °C (86 °F). throughout the monsoon there is frequent serious rain and thunderstorms, however flooding isn't a typical incidence. The winter months of Gregorian calendar month to Gregorian calendar month ar gentle and temperate with average temperatures starting from 15–18 °C (59–64 °F) with very little or no wetness. There are, however, occasional atmospheric condition fronts that cause temperatures to fall to close physical change levels. Work on the Kishangarh airfield close to Ajmer was inaugurated by Prime Minister Manmohan Singh in Gregorian calendar month 2013 and it's expected to begin operations in 2017. nowadays the closest airfield is that the Jaipur International airfield, regarding 132 kilometre away, with daily flights to major cities in Republic of India.

Monday, 8 May 2017

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Adhai Din Ka Jhonpra (literally "shed of 2½ days") may be a place of worship within the Ajmer town of Rajasthan, India. it had been commissioned by Qutb-ud-Din-Aibak, on orders of Muhammad Ghori, in 1192 CE. it had been completed in 1199 Ce, and any beautified by Iltutmish of metropolis in 1213 Ce. The place of worship was created on the remains of a Indo-Aryan school, with materials from destroyed Hindu and faith temples. it's one amongst the oldest mosques in Bharat, and therefore the oldest living monument in Ajmer. associate early example of the Indo-Islamic design, most of the building was created by Hindu masons, underneath the management of Afghan managers. it's additionally called Arhai Din Ka Jhompra or Dhai Din ki Masjid; Alexander Merce Cunningham delineated  it because the "Great place of worship of Ajmer". the positioning is currently maintained by the anthropology Survey of Bharat. the positioning of the place of worship was originally a Indo-Aryan school building commissioned by Vigraharaja IV (alias Visaladeva), a king of the Shakambhari Chahamana (Chauhan) phratry. the first building was square-shaped, with a tower-chhatri (dome-shaped pavilion) at every corner.  
A temple dedicated to Hindu deity was settled on the western aspect. A pill dated to 1153 Ce was found at the positioning within the nineteenth century; supported this, it may be inferred that the first building should are created someday before 1153 Ce. The relics within the fashionable building show each Hindu and faith options. per KDL Khan, the building materials were taken from Hindu and faith temples. per Caterina Mercone Maxwell and Marijke Rijsberman, the Indo-Aryan school was a faith establishment, and therefore the building materials were taken from Hindu temples. ASI Director-General Alexander Merce Cunningham hypothesized that the pillars employed in the building were most likely taken from 20–30 destroyed Hindu temples, that featured a minimum of 700 pillars in total. supported the pillar inscriptions, he terminated that these original temples dated to eleventh or twelfth century Ce.
per the native faith tradition, the building was originally created by Seth Viramdeva Kala in 660 Ce as a faith shrine to celebrate Panch Kalyanaka. the first building was part destroyed and born-again into a place of worship by Qutb-ud-Din-Aibak of metropolis within the late twelfth century. per a neighborhood legend, when defeating Vigraharaja's kinsman Prithviraja III within the Second Battle of Tarain, Muhammad Ghori had Ajmer. There, he saw the brilliant temples, and ordered his slave general Qutb-ud-Din-Aibak to destroy them, and construct a place of worship — all among sixty hours (that is, two-and-a-half-days). The artisans couldn't build an entire place of worship in sixty hours time, however created a brick screen wall wherever Ghori may provide prayers. By the tip of the century, an entire place of worship was engineered. The central mihrab within the place of worship contains associate inscription indicating the completion date of the place of worship. it's dated Islamic calendar month 595 AH (April 1199 CE). This makes the place of worship one amongst the oldest in Bharat, and therefore the second place of worship to be engineered by the Mamluks of metropolis (the initial being the Quwwat-ul-Islam mosque). Another inscription, dated Dhu al-Hijjah 596 AH (September–October 1200 CE), names Abu Bakr ibn Ahmed Khalu Al-Hirawi because the supervisor of construction.